Aron, Raymond

(1905-1983)
   philosopher and sociologist
   Born and educated in Paris, Raymond Aron was a prominent political thinker who served as editor in chief of La France libre in London during World War II (1941-44) and, with Jean-Paul Sartre, was one of the founders of Temps modernes. Later, he was editorial writer for Le Figaro (1947-77). Aron taught sociology at the sorbonne and also the collège de france. Author of a study on contemporary German sociology (La Sociologie allemande contemporaine, 1935), his philosophy was critical of relativist and pluralistic historiography. He questioned the monistic theories (idealistic and materialistic), and also the deterministic viewpoint (Introduction à la philosophie d'histoire, 1938 and 1950; Dimensions de la conscience historique, 1962). Aron's moderate conservatism and skepticism regarding ideologies isolated him from the mainly left-wing French intelligentsia for much of his career. He is considered, through his later works (La Grande Schisme, 1948; L'Opium des intellectuels, 1957; La Société industrielle et la guerre, 1959; Dix-huit Leçons sur la société industrielle, 1963) one of the main theoreticians of technologic ideology and, in his economic, social, and political analyses, a principal critic of Marxism. Aron's ideas gained popularity in recent years, and his Mémoires, published in 1983, drew much favorable notice.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • ARON, RAYMOND — (1905–1983), French sociologist and writer. Aron, who was born in Paris, taught at Le Havre, Toulouse, Cologne, and Berlin. In 1956 he was appointed professor of sociology at the Sorbonne, and director of studies at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Aron, Raymond — ▪ French sociologist born March 14, 1905, Paris, France died Oct. 17, 1983, Paris       French sociologist, historian, and political commentator known for his skepticism of ideological orthodoxies.       The son of a Jewish jurist, Aron obtained… …   Universalium

  • Aron, Raymond — (1905 83) A controversial French sociologist, Aron was professor of sociology at the Sorbonne from 1955 to 1968, and for some years a prominent member of the Mont Pelerin Society (although he later resigned). He was instrumental in introducing… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Aron, Raymond — ► (1905 83) Sociólogo francés. Se dedicó al estudio de las sociedades industriales. Escribió Diez lecciones sobre la sociedad industrial (1962). En 1979 recibió el premio Goethe, y en 1982 el premio Erasmo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Aron, Raymond (-Claude-Ferdinand) — born 1905 died 1983 French sociologist and historian. After receiving his doctorate from the École Normale Supérieure (1930), he taught at the University of Toulouse until 1939. During World War II he joined the Free French and edited their… …   Universalium

  • Aron, Raymond (-Claude-Ferdinand) — (1905–1983). Sociólogo e historiador francés. Luego de doctorarse en la École Normale Supérieure (1930), enseñó en la Universidad de Toulouse hasta 1939. Durante la segunda guerra mundial se unió a Francia Libre y editó su periódico (1940–44).… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Aron — Aron, Raymond …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Raymond Claude Ferdinand Aron — Raymond Aron Pour les articles homonymes, voir Aron. Raymond Aron Philosophe occidental XXe siècle Naissa …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Aron (name) — Aron is a masculine given name and a surname. It is an alternate spelling of Aaron , prominent biblical figure in the Old Testament. The name mean mountaineer , or mount of strength . There are given name and surname variants.People with the name …   Wikipedia

  • Aron — m. *Aro (planta). * * * aron. m. aro2. * * * Aron, Raymond …   Enciclopedia Universal

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